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PREFACE


The Statutory Code contains the rules and regulations necessary to carryout the provisions of the Sigma Phi Delta Fraternity Constitution and to provide for the proper operation of the Fraternity. The Statutory Code, written by Brother Gilbert H. Dunstan, with changes by Brothers William A. Rundquist and W.C. Hellings, was written in conformance with the suggestions of the Second General Convention, held in 1929, in Austin, Texas, Gamma Chapter as Host. It was approved by the Supreme Council on August 30, 1930, and went into effect at that time.



INDEX


PREFACE

TITLE I -- GENERAL
ARTICLE 1 -- SYMBOLS AND INSIGNIA
ARTICLE 3 -- SESSIONS
ARTICLE 4 -- OFFICERS
ARTICLE 5 -- CONVENTION FUND
TITLE III -- SUPREME COUNCIL
ARTICLE 6 -- DUTIES
TITLE IV -- JUDICIAL
ARTICLE 7 -- OFFENSES AND JURISDICTION
ARTICLE 8 -- PROCEDURE
ARTICLE 9 -- PENALTIES
ARTICLE 10 -- APPEALS
ARTICLE 11 -- VOID INITIATIONS AND SUMMARY EXPULSIONS
ARTICLE 12 -- REINSTATEMENT
ARTICLE 13 -- REPORTS AND RECORDS
TITLE V -- EXECUTIVE
ARTICLE 14 -- GRAND PRESIDENT
ARTICLE 15 -- GRAND VICE-PRESIDENT
ARTICLE 16 -- EXECUTIVE SECRETARY
ARTICLE 17 -- FUNDRAISING MANAGER
ARTICLE 18 -- EXECUTIVE SECRETARY
ARTICLE 19 -- COMMUNICATIONS DIRECTOR
ARTICLE 20 -- INFORMATION SYSTEMS MANAGER
ARTICLE 21 -- CIRCULATION MANAGER
ARTICLE 22 -- PROVINCE COUNCILORS
ARTICLE 23 -- TREASURER
TITLE VI -- BOARD OF TRUSTEES
ARTICLE 24 -- ORGANIZATION
ARTICLE 25 -- DUTIES AND REGULATIONS
ARTICLE 26 -- BONDS, EXPENSES AND COMPENSATION
TITLE VII -- ENDOWMENT FUNDS
Subtitle A -- General Endowment Fund
ARTICLE 27 -- NATURE AND PURPOSES
ARTICLE 28 -- COLLECTION, ADMINISTRATION AND INCOME
Subtitle B -- CASTLE Endowment Fund
ARTICLE 29 -- NATURE, PURPOSES AND SOURCES
ARTICLE 30 -- COLLECTION, ADMINISTRATION AND INCOME
TITLE VIII -- FINANCES
ARTICLE 31 -- CHARTER FEES
ARTICLE 32 -- EXPANSION FUNDS
ARTICLE 33 -- INITIATION FEES
ARTICLE 34 -- ANNUAL DUES AND FEES
ARTICLE 35 -- APPORTIONMENT OF FUNDS
TITLE IX -- PLEDGESHIP AND MEMBERSHIP
ARTICLE 36 -- FORMAL PLEDGING
ARTICLE 37 -- PLEDGESHIP
ARTICLE 38 -- INITIATION
ARTICLE 39 -- MEMBERSHIP
TITLE X -- PROVINCES
ARTICLE 40 -- ORGANIZATION
ARTICLE 41 -- PROVINCE CONVENTION
ARTICLE 42 -- OFFICERS
ARTICLE 43 -- FINES
TITLE XI -- ACTIVE CHAPTERS
ARTICLE 44 -- ORGANIZATION
ARTICLE 45 -- FEES, FINES AND DUES
ARTICLE 46 -- MEETINGS
ARTICLE 47 -- OFFICERS
ARTICLE 48 -- DUTIES OF OFFICERS
ARTICLE 49 -- INSPECTION
ARTICLE 50 -- DELEGATES
ARTICLE 51 -- BY-LAWS
ARTICLE 52 -- ADVISORS
TITLE XII -- ALUMNI ASSOCIATION
ARTICLE 53 -- ORGANIZATION
ARTICLE 54 -- OFFICERS
ARTICLE 55 -- FINANCES
TITLE XIII -- ALUMNI CHAPTERS
ARTICLE 56 -- ORGANIZATION
ARTICLE 57 -- ACTIVITIES
TITLE XIV -- CHARTERS FOR ACTIVE CHAPTERS
ARTICLE 58 -- GRANTING
ARTICLE 59 -- TERMINATION
TITLE XV -- CHARTER FOR COLONIES
ARTICLE 60 -- ORGANIZATION OF A COLONY
TITLE XVI -- PUBLICATIONS
ARTICLE 61 -- THE CASTLE
ARTICLE 62 -- THE STAR
ARTICLE 63 -- PUBLISHED INFORMATION
TITLE XVII -- GENERAL RULES
ARTICLE 64 -- INSIGNIA OF MEMBERSHIP
ARTICLE 65 -- FRATERNITY AWARDS
ARTICLE 66 -- SPECIAL DAYS
ARTICLE 67 -- HOUSE RULES
ARTICLE 68 -- ENFORCEMENT OF FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS
ARTICLE 69 -- REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFICE
ARTICLE 70 -- SCHOLARSHIP
ARTICLE 71 -- GENERAL RESPONSIBILITIES
ARTICLE 72 -- DISSOLUTION OF THE FRATERNITY
TITLE XVIII -- AMENDMENTS TO THE STATUTORY CODE
ARTICLE 73 -- PROCEDURE



TITLE I -- GENERAL


ARTICLE 1 -- SYMBOLS AND INSIGNIA


Section 1. Symbols.
(a) The Symbol of the Fraternity is the Castle.

(b) The Name of the Fraternity shall be represented by the capital form of the Greek letters Sigma(Σ), Phi(Φ) and Delta(Δ).


(c) The Colors of the Fraternity are Red and Black.


(d) The Flower of the Fraternity is the American Beauty Rose.
Section 2. Insignia. The Insignia of the Fraternity shall be according to specifications on file with the Executive Secretary, said specifications to be approved by the Supreme Council.



ARTICLE 2 -- ORGANIZATION


Section 3. Governmental Bodies. The government of the Fraternity is vested in the following bodies:
(a) General Convention Legislative & Judicial Powers

(b) Supreme Council

(c) Grand President Executive powers

(d) Province Councilors

(e) Chapter Councilors

(f) Board of Trustees

(g) Active Chapters Subordinate executive, judicial

(h) Alumni Associations and legislative powers

(i) Alumni Chapters



TITLE II-- GENERAL CONVENTION


ARTICLE 3 -- SESSIONS


Section 4. Regular. The General Convention shall meet biennially at a time and place set at the preceding session, except that sessions shall be held between June 1st and October 31st of odd-numbered years. The General Convention may make any necessary changes in the time or place of the meeting.

Section 5. Special. Upon call of the Grand President,approved by 3/4th of the members of the General Convention, special sessions may be held and shall have full power to act on all matters.

Section 6. Continuous. The Convention may act on all matters by correspondence when not in regular or special session. In this case, business shall be transacted by email, and failure to return the official ballot within 30 days from being sent will cause said ballot to be counted as an affirmative (YES) vote.

Section 7. Quorum. For regular and special sessions of the General Convention, a quorum shall consist of 2/3rd of the members representing the Active Chapters and 2 members of the Supreme Council.

Section 8. Voting. Each member of the General Convention shall be entitled to 1 vote. No proxies shall be allowed at regular or special sessions.

Section 9. Fines for Absences. A member of the Convention, entitled to share the Convention Fund, absent from roll call, shall be fined 10 dollars, unless a reasonable excuse in writing is accepted by the presiding officer. The fine shall be deducted from his share of the Convention Fund.

Section 10. Floor Privilege. No member of the Fraternity, other than Members of the General Convention, is entitled to the Floor of the Convention, except by a three-fourths vote of the Convention.

Section 11. Submission of Business. All resolutions and other business for consideration of the General Convention shall be submitted in writing to the Secretary of the General Convention.

Section 12. Right of Judgment. Every member shall have the right to exercise his own judgment on any matter before the Convention and vote accordingly, not withstanding any instructions he may have received, nor shall he be held to answer for any deviation from such instructions.



ARTICLE 4 -- OFFICERS


Section 13. Officers. The officers of the General Convention shall consist of a Chairman, a Vice-Chairman, a Secretary, a Guide, a Chaplain and a Historian.

Section 14. Chairman. The Chairman shall be the Grand President unless he is not in attendance, when the Grand Vice-President shall act as Chairman. In case both officers are absent, the Convention shall elect a Chairman immediately after convening.

Section 15. Vice-Chairman. The Grand Vice-president shall normally act as Vice-Chairman, but in case he is acting as Chairman or is absent, the Convention shall elect a Vice-Chairman immediately after convening.

Section 16. Secretary. Between regular or special sessions of the General Convention, the Grand President shall act as Secretary. During the sessions, the Executive Secretary shall normally act as Secretary, but in case he is not in attendance at a Convention, the Secretary shall be a member of the Fraternity elected to this position immediately after the session convenes. Following the session, the Executive Secretary shall post the minutes to the website within 30 days.

Section 17. Chaplain. The Chaplain shall be elected immediately after the session convenes, and shall attend to the duties prescribed in the Ritual.

Section 18. Guide. The Guide shall be elected immediately after the session convenes, and shall attend to the duties prescribed in the Ritual.

Section 19. Historian. The Communications Director shall be the Historian at the Conventions. A Historian shall be elected if the Communications Director is not present. The Historian shall post photos of the Conventions to the website within 30 days following the convention.

Section 20. Qualifications. Only members in good standing may be officers of the General Convention, except that only an alumnus may be elected to the Supreme Council and Board of Trustees or appointed as Executive Secretary.

Section 21. Nominating Committee. The Committee shall consist of the Province Councilors who will obtain nominations from the Chapters of their respective Provinces for the offices of Grand President, Grand Vice-president, Communications Director and a member of the Board of Trustees, with the nominee's written acceptance to accompany the nomination. The nominations shall be posted on the website by April 1 of the Convention year.



ARTICLE 5 -- CONVENTION FUND


Section 22. Sources. The Convention Fund shall receive such monies as are hereinafter provided.

Section 23. Distribution. The Convention Fund shall be used to defray the expenses of the members of the Convention in attendance, as named in Article III, Section 2, of the Constitution. The Supreme Council shall approve and notify the delegates 30 days in advance of the General Convention the extent of reimbursement of the delegates in accordance with funds available, with the exception that the expenses of those members classified under Article III, Section 2 (d) of the Constitution shall not be authorized in excess of those allotted for transportation.




TITLE III-- SUPREME COUNCIL


ARTICLE 6 -- DUTIES


Section 24. Duties. The Supreme Council shall:

(a) Attend to all legislative and judicial matters not requiring the action of the General Convention;

(b) Set goals;

(c) Establish plans of action;

(d) Approve the appointments of all officers and committees unless otherwise provided for.
Section 25. Operation. The Supreme Council may meet in regular session or may conduct its business by email. The Grand President shall act as Secretary. Failure to respond to an email ballot to the Grand President within 20 days from date of the email will cause said ballot to be counted as an affirmative (YES) vote.




TITLE IV-- JUDICIAL


ARTICLE 7 -- OFFENSES AND JURISDICTION


Section 26. Original Jurisdiction. Every member of the Fraternity is under the original jurisdiction of the Active Chapter of which he is or was last a member, and of the General Convention. Charges must be filed against a member with a body having original jurisdiction, except that a change of venue may be ordered as hereinafter provided.

Section 27. Change of Venue. The General Convention may order a change of venue and order that the trial of a member against whom charges have been filed with his Active Chapter shall be held by the General Convention, or by a Special Commission appointed for that purpose. In case of trial by Special Commission, the General Convention shall review the case and pass judgment

A change of venue shall be granted if:

(a) The convenience of the parties will be better served, or

(b) It is shown to the satisfaction of the General Convention that an impartial trial will not, or cannot, be conducted by the accused's Active Chapter.


ARTICLE 8 -- PROCEDURE


Section 28. Preferment of Charges. Any member of the Fraternity, or any organized unit thereof, having reasonable cause to believe that an offense cognizable by the Fraternity has been committed by a member, may prefer charges against him. Such charges shall be in writing, signed by the complainant, and shall specify the alleged offense and shall be submitted to the Active Chapter of the accused.

Section 29. Preliminary Investigation. The Chapter shall make a preliminary investigation of the charges submitted, and if the charges appear to be well-founded, the Chapter shall issue an accusation.

Section 30. Accusation. The accusation shall be issued on forms prepared for this purpose and shall be issued in the name of the Chapter or of the Fraternity, as the case may be. It shall specify the alleged offense and state the essential facts concerning the same, and shall be in the following form:

Sigma Phi Delta Fraternity

Vs

(Name of accused) (address of accused) (date)

    The Sigma Phi Delta Fraternity (or the Chapter 
concerned) accuses (name of accused) of the offense 
of (specify the alleged offense under Article IV, 
Section 3, of the Constitution) committed as 
follows: (here set forth the facts.)

                 Signed

                 (Chapter President or Grand President)
When the Chapter issues an accusation, a copy of the accusation shall be transmitted to the General Convention as well as to the accused.

Section 31. Summons. Upon issuing an accusation for trial before the Chapter, a Chapter shall serve it upon the accused, together with a written summons to appear for trial at a specified time and place, and if a change of venue has been granted, the General Convention shall also issue the summons.

Section 32. Service. The accusation and summons may be served personally upon the accused, or may be sent by mail in a Registered Letter addressed to him at his last known residence or place of business. Proof of mailing is sufficient proof of service.

Section 33. Trial by Chapter. The trial by a Chapter shall be conducted at the specified time and place, with the Chapter President presiding. The First Vice-president shall conduct the prosecution. The Secretary shall keep a record of the case and of the evidence submitted. The accusation shall be read and the accused required to answer. A plea of guilty, either orally at the trial or in writing otherwise, is conclusive. A plea of not guilty requires the Vice-president to establish the Chapter's case. The accused shall be given full opportunity to be heard. The Vice-president may, at the discretion of the presiding judge, and the accused may of right, either in person or by attorney, address the Chapter on the issues raised in the trial. Thereafter the Chapter, by a 3/4th vote, shall determine the innocence or guilt of the accused.

Section 34. Trial by General Convention. The trial by the General Convention shall be conducted at the specified time and place, and the Grand President shall preside. In trial by Commission, the Chairman of the Commission shall preside. The presiding officer shall appoint a clerk to keep a record of the case. In case the Grand President is not present, he may appoint a deputy, to be approved by the trial body. The accused shall have the privilege of counsel, who must be a member in good standing.

Section 35. Failure to Appear for Trial. If, after being duly summoned, the accused fails to appear for trial, he shall not be deemed guilty, but the trial shall either be postponed or else the trial shall proceed not withstanding his absence. In the latter case, the presiding judge shall direct that a plea of not guilty be entered and shall appoint a member to represent the accused, which appointee shall have the same rights the accused would under Sections 33 and 34.

Section 36. Postponement. Upon due cause shown, the trial body may postpone a trial to such time as it sees fit, but not to exceed 6 months.

Section 37. Trial by Commission. In case a Special Commission is appointed, which shall consist of 3 members of the Fraternity in good standing, to conduct the hearing and to have the evidence submitted to it, the Commission shall keep a complete record of all evidence submitted, and shall transmit the same, together with its opinion, to the General Convention, upon receipt of which the General Convention shall act with the same effect as if the trial had been conducted by it.



ARTICLE 9 -- PENALTIES


Section 38. Penalties. If the accused pleads guilty or is found to be guilty, the Chapter or the General Convention shall immediately impose on him one or more of the following penalties:
(a) Expulsion;

(b) Suspension;

(c) Fine;

(d) Reprimand.
A 3/4th vote of the trial Chapter is necessary to impose a penalty of suspension or expulsion, or a unanimous vote of the General Convention, where the trial is before the General Convention. A lawful quorum of a trial tribunal (Chapter or Commission) shall be a majority of the members of the tribunal. A fine or reprimand may be passed by a majority vote of the members of the trial Chapter present or by concurrence of 2/3rd of the members of the General Convention, in case of trial before the General Convention. During the pendency of an appeal, the member shall be temporarily suspended from the rights, privileges and immunities of the Fraternity.



ARTICLE 10 -- APPEALS


Section 39. Appeals. If a penalty is imposed by the Chapter, an appeal may be taken to the General Convention. The appellant, within 1 month after conviction, shall give notice of such appeal to the trial Chapter and to the General Convention, and within 2 months after conviction shall transmit to the General Convention a complete record of his defense and any newly discovered evidence relevant to the issue. A decision on such appeal shall be rendered with or without a hearing within 6 months after conviction.

Section 40. Transmission of Records on Appeal. If an appeal is duly taken, the Chapter from whose action the appeal is being taken shall, as soon as practicable after receiving notice of the appeal and before the appeal is to be heard, transmit to the General Convention a complete record of the case.

Section 41. Judgment. on Appeal. The judgment on appeal shall be to:

(a) Affirm the conviction;

(b) Affirm the conviction but reduce the penalty;

(c) Reverse the conviction and acquit the appellant.
Section 42. Effect of Reversal. A judgment to reverse the conviction and to acquit the appellant restores the member to his original rights, but if the penalty is expulsion, does not render him liable for any obligation which would have accrued during the period intermediate to his conviction and reversal thereof, nor does it render the Chapter liable to the Fraternity for any obligation which would have accrued by reason of his membership during this period.

Section 43. Failure to Appear on Appeal. If the appellant fails to appear, either in person or by attorney, or fails to file the record of his defense with the General Convention, his appeal shall be dismissed and no subsequent appeal shall be entertained.



ARTICLE 11 -- VOID INITIATIONS AND SUMMARY EXPULSIONS


Section 44. Void Initiations. If any person ineligible to membership, as provided for in the Constitution, has been initiated, the Chapter initiating him shall, upon conclusive proof of such ineligibility, declare the initiation to be void. Such declaration shall not relieve the person in question from any oath taken at the time of initiation nor from any accrued financial obligation except unpaid dues and fees, and shall, in no case, entitle him to reimbursement for payments he may have made on the Chapter account.

Section 45. Summary Expulsion. Any member of Sigma Phi Delta who shall join any competing engineering fraternity or any general social fraternity, shall be expelled from Sigma Phi Delta, unless he was initiated at a time when his Chapter was exempt from this provision, as provided for in the Constitution. Any member delinquent financially for 1 year shall be automatically expelled from the Fraternity unless he presents in writing a satisfactory reason for his inability to pay; the acceptability of this reason being in the hands of the Supreme Council.

Section 46. Scholastic Probation. Any Chapter which is placed on probation for low scholarship in the Institution where it is situated shall be placed on probation by the Fraternity. During the probation period, the Chapter shall have no vote in the General Convention or in a Province Convention. The individual member of the Active Chapter who is below a passing average shall lose his vote until his standing has been raised to passing.

Section 47. Probation. Any Chapter which is placed on probation for infraction of the Laws of the Fraternity with respect to formal pledging of a candidate shall remain on probation until the infraction is corrected or adjusted to the satisfaction of the Supreme Council. During the period of probation, the Chapter shall not be permitted to initiate any candidate into membership in the Fraternity.



ARTICLE 12 -- REINSTATEMENT


Section 48. Reinstatement. Any member who has been suspended or expelled may be reinstated by a 4/5th vote of the Chapter or by unanimous vote of the General Convention, but any reinstatement by the Chapter must be approved by 2 members of the Supreme Council.



ARTICLE 13 -- REPORTS AND RECORDS


Section 49. Reports of Expulsions, Suspensions and Reinstatements. When a member is expelled or suspended, their membership status shall be updated on the website. When trial is by a Chapter, a complete record of the case, including a copy of the accusation, shall be filed with the General Convention. Reinstatement shall be reported similarly.



TITLE V-- EXECUTIVE


ARTICLE 14 -- GRAND PRESIDENT


Section 50. Duties. The Grand President is the executive head of the Fraternity and is charged with the coordination of the work of the Fraternity. He shall appoint the Executive Secretary, Treasurer and members of any regular or special committees that may be required, subject in each case to the approval of the Supreme Council. He shall handle all correspondence with any organization or any individual who is not a member of Sigma Phi Delta, except as hereinafter provided. He shall receive monthly email reports from each member of the Supreme Council and the Executive Secretary. He, in cooperation with the Grand Vice-president, shall be responsible for Chapter efficiency. He shall appoint the Fundraising Manager with the approval of the Supreme Council. He shall appoint the Information Systems Manager and Circulation Manager with the approval of the Supreme Council.



ARTICLE 15 -- GRAND VICE-PRESIDENT


Section 51. Appointment and Duties. The Grand Vice-president shall be charged with coordinating the activities of the Expansion Committee. He shall make available to the Province Councilors such monies appropriated for expansion in each Province by the General Convention. He shall be held accountable for such monies. He shall be responsible for printing and distributing expansion material. He shall submit at least 1 article per issue to the CASTLE pertaining to expansion. He shall have charge of the Efficiency Contest and shall receive all reports pertinent to the Contest.



ARTICLE 16 -- EXECUTIVE SECRETARY


Section 52. Appointment & Duties. The Executive Secretary shall be appointed by the Grand President with the approval of the Supreme Council. The Executive Secretary may be removed from office by the Grand President with the approval of the Supreme Council. The Executive Secretary shall keep and maintain all the necessary and permanent records, files and historical data of the Fraternity.He shall add new member records to the website.

He shall render a monthly report of his activities to the Grand President, He shall file such electronic reports with the General Convention as may be required. He shall make such visitations, Conventions and meetings as the Grand President may direct.


ARTICLE 17 -- FUNDRAISING MANAGER


Section 53. Appointment & Duties. The Fundraising Manager shall be appointed by the Grand President with the approval of the Supreme Council. The Fundraising Manager shall administer all alumni solicitation drives. He shall collect and record all funds received there from and forward same to the Treasurer. He shall attend meetings as directed by the Grand President.


ARTICLE 18 -- EXECUTIVE SECRETARY


Section 54. Bond. The Staff of the Executive Secretary shall be required to post a bond, the amount of which shall be fixed by the Supreme Council. Any costs connected with this bond shall be paid by the Fraternity


ARTICLE 19 -- COMMUNICATIONS DIRECTOR

Section 55. Duties. It shall be the duty of the Communications Director to publish the CASTLE in accordance with the Law. It shall further be the duty of the Communications Director to handle Public Relations of the Fraternity. He shall be responsible for the cohesive layout and graphical design of all Fraternity publications and electronic media, except as hereinafter provided. He shall furthermore be responsible for maintaining the budget for his office and keeping current all trademarks and copyrights of the Fraternity.


ARTICLE 20 -- INFORMATION SYSTEMS MANAGER

Section 56. Duties. The Information Systems Manager shall be responsible for maintaining and developing the Fraternity's World Wide Web site, online membership database system and electronic mailing lists.


ARTICLE 21 -- CIRCULATION MANAGER

Section 57. Duties. The Circulation Manager shall be responsible for maintaining the Fraternity's U.S. bulk permit and making corrections to the Fraternity's online membership mailing database, as well as the distribution of publications such as the CASTLE, the STAR, and Chapter newsletters.


ARTICLE 22 -- PROVINCE COUNCILORS

Section 58. Responsiblity for Expansion. The Province Councilors, under the direction of the Grand Vice-president, and with their appointed Committees, shall be responsible for the expansion program.


ARTICLE 23 -- TREASURER

Section 59. Appointment. The Treasurer shall be appointed by the Grand President with the approval of the Supreme Council. The Treasurer may be removed from office by the Grand President with the approval of the Supreme Council.

Section 60. Duties. The Treasurer shall have charge of all Fraternity funds not otherwise provided for, and shall disburse the same as hereinafter provided. He shall keep inventory of Fraternity jewelry and re-order the same at the request of the Executive Secretary. He shall render a quarterly financial statement to General Convention and other units of the Fraternity as may be required.

Section 61. Bond. The Treasurer shall be required to post a bond, the amount of which shall be fixed by the Supreme Council. Any costs connected with this bond shall be paid by the Fraternity.



TITLE VI-- BOARD OF TRUSTEES


ARTICLE 24 -- ORGANIZATION


Section 62. Organization. The Board of Trustees shall be composed of 4 members, as specified in the Constitution.

Section 63. Meetings. Meetings may be called at any time by the Chairman and shall be called upon request of 2 members. In either case, at least 2 days notice shall be given all members. At least 1 regular meeting must be held each year.

Section 64. Duties of Officers. The Chairman shall call and preside at all meetings of the Board and shall sign all checks and official papers; the Vice-Chairman shall perform the duties of the Chairman during his absence or disability; the Secretary-Treasurer shall keep the Minutes of the meetings, perform all duties usually appertaining to the Office of Secretary, and sign all checks and other official papers.



ARTICLE 25 -- DUTIES AND REGULATIONS


Section 65. Duties. The Board of Trustees shall:
(a) Receive, hold, invest and conserve the General Endowment Fund of the Fraternity.

(b) Receive, hold, invest and conserve the CASTLE Endowment Fund of the Fraternity.

(c) Submit to the Grand President and the Executive Secretary such reports as the former shall require, but not less than 1 complete report each year.

(d) Submit a full report to each regular session of the General Convention covering the state and condition of all Funds administered by the Board. The books, records and other papers of the Board shall be at all times subject to inspection by any member of the Supreme Council.

(e) Pay to the Treasurer, quarterly, the income from the General Endowment Fund, and the income from the CASTLE Endowment Fund, unless the Supreme Council shall direct that the interest is to be added to the principal.
Section 66. Regulations as to the General Endowment Fund. The following regulations shall be faithfully observed by the Board and by each member thereof, with respect to the General Endowment Fund:
(a) The Board shall proceed upon the understanding that the primary purpose of this Fund is for the administration of the general business of the Fraternity.

(b) This Fund shall be loaned only on security.

(c) Loans to Alumni Associations affiliated with Active Chapters may be made upon first mortgages on real property; provided that the sum of the loan and any prior encumbrances thereon shall not exceed seventy-five percent of the cost or appraised value of the said real property and, where the appraised value exceeds the cost, then not to exceed 75% of the cost of the said real property.

(d) Investments other than loans to Alumni Chapters affiliated with the Active Chapters may be made only in Certificates of Deposit; first mortgages on improved real estate where the amount of the loan does not exceed sixty percent of the value of the real estate; savings bank deposits; United States, Canadian, State, Provincial or Municipal bonds; and other securities in which the Laws of the State of California permit savings banks in that State to invest.

(e) Loans to Alumni Chapters affiliated with the Active Chapters shall be made at an interest rate of not higher than 2% below the U. S. Federal Discount rate, but in no instance less than 5%.

(f) No loan shall be made to any member of the Board nor to any person related to a member within 3 degrees of consanguinity; nor shall any money be loaned to or invested in any corporation or business in which a member of the Board is interested. Membership in the Fraternity or an Active Chapter, and Alumni Chapters affiliated therewith, or any other organization under the jurisdiction of the Fraternity, shall not constitute such disqualifying interest.

(g) Any loan or investment of this Fund may be disapproved by the General Convention and, in such case, the Board shall make such disposition of said loan or investment as shall be in accordance with the action of the General Convention.

(h) A Reserve Fund of 10% of the Assets held by the Board shall be kept at all times in a savings bank, to ensure the proper administration and guardianship of the Fraternity's loans, investments and real property, and to be used for such purpose when and only when the necessity therefore shall be determined by the unanimous vote of the Board of Trustees.

(i) Except as herein before provided, the principal of this Fund shall not be invested or expended, unless by a 4/5th vote of the General Convention, and then only when 3/4th of the Active Chapters shall have voted on the question.
Section 67. Regulations as to the CASTLE Endowment Fund. The following regulations shall be faithfully observed by the Board and by each member thereof with respect to the CASTLE Endowment Fund:
(a) This Fund shall be preserved as a Trust Fund of the Fraternity, the interest thereof being used to aid in the publication of the CASTLE.

(b) Section 66 (b).

(c) Section 66 (d).

(d) Section 66 (f).

(e) Section 66 (g).

(f) Section 66 (h).

(g) Section 66 (j).


ARTICLE 26 -- BONDS, EXPENSES AND COMPENSATION


Section 68. Bonds. Each member of the Board shall be required to give a surety bond for the faithful performance of the duties of his office. Bonds shall be of such amounts as may be directed by the Supreme Council, and the premiums therefore shall be paid from the Treasury of the Fraternity.

Section 69. Expenses and Compensations. Each member of the Board of Trustees shall be paid all expenses necessarily incurred in the performance of his duties. Such payments shall be made from the Treasury of the Fraternity. Members of the Board of Trustees shall serve without compensation.




TITLE VII-- ENDOWMENT FUNDS


Subtitle A -- General Endowment Fund


ARTICLE 27 -- NATURE AND PURPOSES


Section 70. Sources. There shall be a General Endowment Fund to be made up of and collected from the following sources:

(a) A portion of the Initiation Fee as hereinafter provided.

(b) A portion of the annual International Dues as hereinafter provided.

(c) Such other sums as may be contributed to the Fraternity for this purpose or such surplus funds as may be appropriated to this Fund by the Supreme Councilor the General Convention.
Section 71. Purposes. The purposes of this Fund are to promote the building of a International Headquarters building, to include a International Library, Museum, and to house the International Administrative Offices of the Fraternity. This Fund is also to promote the building of houses for the Active Chapters of the Fraternity and is to provide an income toward meeting the expenditures incurred in connection with carrying out the intent, purpose and object of the Fraternity.



ARTICLE 28 -- COLLECTION, ADMINISTRATION AND INCOME


Section 72. Collection. The Treasurer shall collect all sums for the General Endowment Fund, keeping a separate account thereof and, at least quarterly, pay all such sums to the Board of Trustees.

Section 73. Administration. The General Endowment Fund shall be administered by the Board of Trustees in trust for the purposes herein before specified, and shall constitute a separate fund from any other fund administered by said Board.

Section 74. Income. The income from the General Endowment Fund shall be available, under the direction of the General Convention, for the purposes specified in Section 73, and the Board of Trustees shall pay the same at least quarterly to the Treasurer.



Subtitle B -- CASTLE Endowment Fund


ARTICLE 29 -- NATURE, PURPOSES AND SOURCES


Section 75. Nature and Purposes. There shall be a Fund to be known as the CASTLE Endowment Fund, to contain all sums collected as hereinafter provided.

The principal of said sum shall be kept forever intact and shall be safely invested as herein provided, and the income there from shall be used in paying:

(a) The necessary expenses of administering the Fund.

(b) The necessary expenses of publishing the CASTLE.

(c) Any other necessary expenses of the Fraternity, as authorized by the Supreme Council.
Section 76. Sources. A portion of the Initiation Fee and a portion of the annual International Dues as hereinafter provided shall be placed in the CASTLE Endowment Fund.



ARTICLE 30 -- COLLECTION, ADMINISTRATION AND INCOME


Section 71. Collection. The Treasurer shall collect all sums for the CASTLE Endowment Fund, keeping a separate account thereof and, at least quarterly, pay all such sums to the Board of Trustees.

Section 78. Administration. The CASTLE Endowment Fund shall be administered by the Board of Trustees in trust for the purposes outlined in Section 77 and shall constitute a Fund separate from any other fund administered by the said Board.

Section 79. Income. The income from the CASTLE Endowment Fund shall be available, under the direction of the Supreme Council for the purposes specified in Section 77, and the Board of Trustees shall pay the same at least quarterly to the Treasurer.




TITLE VIII -- FINANCES


ARTICLE 31 -- CHARTER FEES


Section 80. Active Chapters. The charter fee for the establishment of an Active Chapter shall be in addition to the regular initiation fee for undergraduate members, payable in advance of the installation. The fees shall be reviewed at each regular session of the General Convention with the fee amount posted on the website. The installed Chapter shall receive the necessary record books, the accounting system and such initiation equipment as the Supreme Council shall determine, without further cost.

Section 81. Alumni Chapters. The charter fee for the establishment of an Alumni Chapter shall be reviewed at each regular session of the General Convention with the fee amount posted on the website. The fee is payable in advance of the charter date.



ARTICLE 32 -- EXPANSION FUNDS


Section 82. Provision for Expansion Funds. The General Convention shall provide such monies as it deems advisable for expansion work, except that funds are not to be paid by the Treasurer until a complete expansion survey report has been approved by the Grand Vice-president



ARTICLE 33 -- INITIATION FEES


Section 83. Undergraduate. The initiation fee for Undergraduate members shall be in addition to the cost of an official Undergraduate badge with the fee amount posted on the website. The initiation fee shall be reviewed at each regular session of the General Convention.

Section 84. Alumni. The initiation fee for Alumni members shall be in addition to the cost of an official Alumni badge with the amount posted on the website. The initiation fee shall be reviewed at each regular session of the General Convention.

Section 85. Faculty. There shall be no initiation fee for Faculty members, but the Active Chapter shall provide each Faculty member with a badge at the time of initiation.

Section 86. Honorary. There shall be no initiation fee for Honorary members, but the Fraternity shall provide each Honorary member with a badge at the time of initiation into the Fraternity.

Section 87. Payment of Initiation Fees. The Initiation Fee, including the fee for membership badge, shall be paid to the Treasurer prior to the time set for the initiation via the website by Credit Card/Debit Card. 


ARTICLE 34 -- ANNUAL DUES AND FEES


Section 88. Active Chapters. Each Active Chapter shall pay dues to the Treasurer. These dues shall be paid on October 1 and March 1 for each person then on the Active Chapter roll. Dues are payable in advance for the full period. Newly initiated members shall be excused from dues payment during the period in which their initiation occurs. There shall be no prorating of dues during the period. The amount of International dues shall be reviewed at each regular session of the General Convention with the fee posted on the website.

Section 89. Alumni Chapters. Members of Alumni Chapters shall not be charged annual dues by the International Office, but the Chapter shall pay an annual fee as determined at each regular session of the General Convention with the fee posted on the website. Fees for the year in which the Charter is granted shall be prorated on the basis of the full months remaining.



ARTICLE 35 -- APPORTIONMENT OF FUNDS


Section 90. Initiation Fee. The initiation fee, less badge cost, shall be apportioned as follows:

(a) 20% shall be placed in the CASTLE Fund.

(b) 30% shall be placed in the General Fund.

(c) 5% shall be placed in the CASTLE Endowment Fund.

(d) 20% shall be placed in the General Endowment Fund.

(e) 25% percent shall be placed in the Convention Fund.
Section 91. Annual Dues. The annual dues collected from Active Chapters shall be apportioned as follows:

(a) 23% percent shall be placed in the CASTLE Fund.

(b) 22% percent shall be placed in the Convention Fund.

(c) 50% shall be placed in the General Fund.

(d) 5% shall be placed in the Expansion Fund.

Section 92. Other Income. Unless otherwise specified, all money received by the Fraternity shall be placed in the General Fund.

Section 93. Grants, Bequests and Gifts. Grants, bequests and gifts may be accepted, with the approval of the Supreme Council, for use in furthering the objects of the Fraternity. Conditions, restrictions or guidance in the administration of such Funds must be approved by the Supreme Council prior to acceptance of the funds. The Board of Trustees shall be responsible for the administration of such grants; however, subject to the desires of the donor, the Supreme Council also may administer grants or bequests.




TITLE IX-- PLEDGESHIP AND MEMBERSHIP


ARTICLE 36 -- FORMAL PLEDGING


Section 94. Qualifications. A student, to be eligible for selection for pledging, shall not be a member of any similar engineering or general social fraternity; he must be in good standing with his school; and he must be sponsored and the sponsor shall obtain the necessary information for the records. Candidates for pledging must have at least 1 full academic year remaining after formal initiation.

Section 95. Election. Election of pledges shall be by secret ballot. A candidate is disqualified with 2 negative votes. The election shall be made at regular or special meetings.

Section 96. Subsequent Proposals. The name of any person who has failed to be elected may be presented at any subsequent meeting.

Section 97. Notification of Intent to Pledge. This is an auotmated web-based process.

Section 98. Probationary Status. Should the officers of any Chapter violate the Laws of the Fraternity with respect to formal pledging of a candidate, said Chapter shall immediately and automatically be placed on probation Such Chapter shall remain on probation and be denied the right of pledging or of formal initiation until removed from such probation by the approval of the Supreme Council.

Section 99. Formal Pledging. Formal pledging shall be by the Ritual.



ARTICLE 37 -- PLEDGESHIP


Section 100. Notification of Pledges. The Chapter Secretary shall notify the Chapter Councilor, the Province Councilor and the Executive Secretary of all candidates pledged, sending such notifications with his monthly report the first of the following month.

Section 101. Length of Pledgeship. No person shall remain continuously a Pledge for more than 2 semesters or 3 quarters. At the end of such period, the Pledge shall be automatically rescinded. A man must be a Pledge for at least 3/4th of a semester or 1 quarter prior to initiation. Upon approval of the Supreme Council, the minimum length of pledgeship may be reduced to not less than 6 academic weeks. The term of pledgeship shall be from the time of formal pledging to the time of initiation.

Section 102. Rescinding Pledges. The election of a pledge shall be declared null and void and the Pledge rescinded upon the objection to his initiation by 3 members of the Active Chapter. When a pledge drops voluntarily or is rescinded, the Chapter Secretary shall immediately notify the Chapter Councilor, the Province Councilor and the Executive Secretary.

Section 103. Pledge Training. Each Active Chapter shall be required to maintain a Pledge Program. The Fraternity shall specify the organization and curriculum thereof which will be posted on the website. It shall be the duty of the Pledge Director to determine the reason for the absence of Pledges from meetings or other assigned work and, where necessary, to transmit such information to the Chapter.

Section 104. Indecent or Dangerous Ordeal. The Pledge shall not be subjected to any indecent or dangerous ordeal.

Section 105. Hazing. Refer to the Risk Reduction Policy.

Section 106. Destruction of Property. Pledges shall be prohibited from destroying or appropriating property belonging to other persons for use in connection with the Fraternity or the Chapter.

Section 107. Pledge Examination. All candidates initiated into Undergraduate membership shall be required to pass a standard examination issued by the Chapter Councilor. This examination shall be given to the candidates at least 18 hours before the ritualistic work is begun, and must be passed by a grade of 70% or higher. A local committee appointed by the Chapter President shall grade the papers and render a report at least 6 hours before the time set for the ritualistic ceremony. These papers shall be shown to the candidates, who may look them over, after which they will be sent to the Chapter Councilor to be filed within 1 week after the initiation. Any candidate failing to pass must be held over until the next initiation. If it seems desirable, the Province Councilor may appoint a specific person to give this examination.


ARTICLE 38 -- INITIATION


Section 108. Qualification. A Pledge, to be eligible for Undergraduate membership, shall have been enrolled in the School at least 1 term; he shall be in good standing with his School; and he shall have passed the Pledge Examination as prescribed.

Section 109. Initiation of Alumni Members. Regularly enrolled graduate students may be elected to membership as provided for Undergraduate members, but no student not admitted into Undergraduate membership during his course of study in a School where a Chapter existed shall be admitted to Alumni membership in any Chapter, except by consent of the former Chapter.

Section 110. Initiation of a Faculty Member. The qualifications of a candidate for initiation as a Faculty Member shall be submitted to the Grand President at least 30 days prior to the date of initiation for approval by the Supreme Council.

Section 111. Election. Election of Undergraduate members shall be by secret ballot immediately prior to initiation. A candidate shall be disqualified with 2 negative votes. Election shall be made at a regular or special meeting.

Section 112. Formal Initiation. Formal initiation shall be by Ritual.

Section 113. Initiation of Alumni of Local Societies. Alumni of a local society to whose members a Charter has been granted may, if otherwise eligible, be initiated into the Fraternity. Persons so initiated shall be enrolled in the Active Chapter created from such local society and shall pay an initiation fee as herein before provided.

Section 114. Report of Initiation. Within one week after an initiation, the Chapter Secretary shall report the names of the candidates initiated to the Grand President, the Executive Secretary, the Province Councilor, the Communications Director and the Chapter Councilor and must send their examination papers to the Chapter Councilor.



ARTICLE 39 -- MEMBERSHIP


Section 115. Member in Good Standing. A member is in good standing unless:

(a) He is delinquent in accounts.

(b) He is under suspension.

Section 116. Transfer Requirements. Every member in good standing at the time of leaving the College at which his Chapter is located is entitled, upon request, to a Transfer Certificate signed by the Executive Secretary. Every member of a disbanded Chapter, who was in good standing at the time of its dissolution, is entitled, upon request, to a Transfer Certificate. Every member having a Transfer Certificate shall be entitled to Active membership in any other Chapter upon indicating his willingness to abide by the By-laws of that Chapter, upon conformance to the scholastic standards, and upon being registered as a student at the institution at which the Chapter is located. The Active Chapter may require a residence of not more than six months.

Section 117. Delinquent Member. A delinquent member is one who is delinquent in accounts.

Section 118. Cooperative Work-Study Program Enrollment. Cooperative work-study program students shall be considered as regularly enrolled students.




TITLE X-- PROVINCES


ARTICLE 40 -- ORGANIZATION


Section 119. Provinces. There shall be districts, known as Provinces, embracing such territory as the General Convention may from time to time determine.



ARTICLE 41 -- PROVINCE CONVENTION


Section 120. Membership. A Province Convention shall consist of:
(a) The Province Councilor.

(b) Two Delegates from each Active Chapter in the Province.

(c) One Delegate from each Alumni Chapter in the Province.

(d) All members of the Supreme Council residing in the Province.

(e) The Chapter Councilor from each Active Chapter.
Section 121. Sessions. The Province Convention shall meet biennially in the academic years alternating with regular sessions of the General Convention to elect a Province Councilor, at a time and place designated at the next preceding Convention. At the request of one-half of the Active Chapters in a Province, a Province Convention may be passed by. The Province Officers may select another location for the Convention, when an emergency renders this necessary.

Section 122. Quorum. A quorum shall consist of Delegates from one-half of the Active Chapters in the Province and one Province Officer.

Section 123. Voting. Each Member of the Convention in attendance is entitled to one vote. No proxies are allowed.

Section 124. Floor Privilege. Any Member in good standing is allowed the privilege of the floor at a Convention in the Province of which his Active Chapter is a member.

Section 125. Void Proceedings. If a Convention admits to representation any organized unit which is delinquent in dues or reports as elsewhere provided, all actions of such Convention are void, and the Grand President shall issue an order to that effect.



ARTICLE 42 -- OFFICERS


Section 126. Officers. The International Officer representing a Province at the International level is:
(a) A Province Councilor.
Section 127. Qualifications. Only an alumnus in good standing residing in the Province, is eligible to be elected Province Councilor.

Section 128. Election. Province Councilors shall be elected by ballot at the Province Convention and shall take office on January first next succeeding their election, and shall hold office for two years or until their successors qualify. In case a Convention is passed by, the election shall be held by mail, each Chapter making such nominations as it desires, after which these names shall be submitted in a letter ballot. If no majority is obtained, the highest two names from the letter ballot for each office shall be re-submitted If a Province Councilor shall move from the Province, his office shall be declared vacant by the Grand President.

Section 129. Vacancies. Vacancies occurring between sessions of the Convention shall be filled by the Grand President, with the approval of the Supreme Council.

Section 130. Duties. Under the supervision of the Grand President, the Province Councilor shall direct the activities of the Chapters in his Province. He shall receive a copy of the following Chapter reports: Membership reports, honorary membership proposals, requests to hold initiations, reports of initiations, symposium meeting reports, reports of House Rules, reports of changes in Chapter By-laws, etc., International and Province dues reports,Chapter officers, expulsion charges, transfer of membership affiliation. He shall visit Chapters at the discretion of the Grand President. He shall grant permission to initiate. He shall handle judicial actions and direct professional activities within his Province.



ARTICLE 43 -- FINES


Section 131. Fines for Absences. A member of the Convention absent from roll call shall be fined five dollars, unless a reasonable excuse in writing is accepted by the presiding officer.

Section 132. Failure to Provide Representation. For failure to be represented at a Province Convention, the Chapter shall be assessed a fine of twenty dollars.




TITLE XI-- ACTIVE CHAPTERS


ARTICLE 44 -- ORGANIZATION


Section 133. Charter. No Active Chapter shall be organized or reorganized except by virtue of the Charter granted by the Fraternity, as provided for in the Constitution. An Active Chapter disbanded may reorganize under its original name if that name has not been appropriated.



ARTICLE 45 -- FEES, FINES AND DUES


Section 134. International Fees. The Initiation Fee and annual International Dues shall be such as hereinbefore provided.

Section 135. Chapter Dues. Every member of a Chapter is subject to local dues and other charges in accordance with the By-laws of that Chapter.

Section 136. Fines for Delinquency. A Chapter shall be fined for the following delinquencies:

(a) Delinquency in Accounts. Every Active Chapter delinquent one month or more in Annual Dues shall be fined one percent of the outstanding in indebtedness per member as hereinbefore provided; and for delinquency in regard to any other sums due to the fraternity shall be fined one percent per month for each month or the fraction of a month of such delinquency

(b) Delinquency in Reports. A Chapter, delinquent with respect to any report to the Fraternity, shall be fined twenty-five dollars for such delinquency. For delinquency in News Letters to the CASTLE, the fine shall be twenty-five dollars.


ARTICLE 46-- MEETINGS


Section 137. Special. Special meetings of an Active Chapter may be called at any time by the President, and shall be called on request of five or more members. In either case, due notice shall be given to all members.

Section 138. Quorum. Unless a larger quorum is provided by the Chapter By-laws, a quorum shall consist of a majority of the Members in good standing and at least two elective officers.

Section 139. Vote. Every Active member of an Active Chapter in good standing may, if present at a Chapter meeting, vote upon any question lawfully coming before the Chapter for decision; provided that Alumni members in good standing have the right to vote only upon questions of financial policy pertaining to his own Active Chapter.



ARTICLE 47 -- OFFICERS


Section 140. Required Officers. Required Officers of an Active Chapter are:

(a) A President, to be known as the Chief Engineer.

(b) A Vice-president, to be known as the Vice-Chief Engineer.

(c) A Secretary.

(d) A Business Manager.

(e) An Associate Editor of the CASTLE, who shall also be Chapter Historian and Public Relations Chairman.

(f) A Chaplain.

(g) A Guide.

(h) A Member of the General Convention.
Section 141. Other Officers. A Chapter may provide for such other officers as it deems necessary.

Section 142. Steward and House Manager. The management of the House and Table Board Departments is under the control of the Business Manager, but assistants may be appointed for the purpose of attending to the details of those specific tasks.

Section 143. Qualifications. Every member of an Active Chapter in good standing, including Alumni of that particular Chapter in good standing, is eligible to any office in the Active Chapter, provided that no alumnus shall hold office unless there be no member in attendance at the College at which the Chapter is located available for that office, except that the General Convention representative must be registered in the Engineering School or in a four-year ABET accredited program of his respective College during his term of office.

Section 144. Election. Election of officers shall be held no more often than once per semester or every two quarters, at a meeting held at least a month before the end of the period. Except in case of unanimous consent, election of officers shall be by secret ballot, and a majority of all votes cast shall be required to elect. If an election is not secured on the first two ballots, on each subsequent ballot, the lowest name shall be dropped. In all cases, each office shall be voted on separately, in the order listed in Section 143, with nominations being open just before the vote on each office. The Business Manager shall be appointed by the Chapter President, with the approval of the Chapter.

Section 145. Term of Office. Officers shall assume their duties at least one month before the end of the election period and shall continue in office until their successors qualify.

Section 146. Vacancies. Election of officers to fill vacancies shall be conducted in the regular manner, and due notice of the meeting for such purpose shall be given.

Section 147. Removal from Office. Any Active Chapter may, by a two-thirds vote, declare any office vacant when the interests of the Chapter demand it. Notice of such intended action shall be given to the officer concerned and to all members of the Chapter.



ARTICLE 48 -- DUTIES OF OFFICERS


Section 148. General. Every officer shall perform the duties required of him by the Ritual, those hereinafter set forth, and such others as his office may require or as may be imposed on him by lawful authority.

Section 149. Chief Engineer. The Chief Engineer shall preside at meetings of the Chapter; appoint officers and committees not otherwise provided for; approve or sign all checks as provided in the official Financial System; sign Credentials and countersign all reports; enforce a strict observance of the Laws of the Fraternity and of the Chapter; keep the Rituals securely guarded and request all strangers visiting the Chapter House and purporting to be Sigma Phi Delta members to show their membership cards.

Section 150. Vice-Chief Engineer. The Vice-Chief Engineer shall perform the duties of the Chief Engineer in the absence of that Officer; shall prosecute members accused by the Chapter or the Fraternity and tried by the Chapter or the Fraternity and tried by the Chapter; and have charge over all trials and appeals. Unless otherwise provided for, the Vice-Chief Engineer or where there is one, the Second Vice-Chief Engineer, shall have charge of all the social activities of the Chapter.

Section 151. Secretary. The Secretary shall keep the following records: Minutes of the meetings of the Chapter; a true and correct copy of the International Laws, Province By-laws and Chapter By-laws and Regulations; a book containing the Orders and Circulars issued by the Grand President or any other International Officer; a membership book, containing a list of all members of the Chapter, and a black list of all suspensions, expulsions, and reinstatements of the entire Fraternity. He shall attest the actions of the Chapter; prepare, sign and forward to the proper office the Credentials of the Members of the Convention, delegates to the Province Convention; notify members of special meetings of the Chapter; and render a monthly report to the Grand President, Executive Secretary, Province and Chapter Councilors, showing the attendance at meetings, special actions, and names of new Pledges, Initiates, newly elected officers, and any other information called for, such reports to be postmarked not later than the sixth day of the following month.

Section 152. Business Manager. The Business Manager shall collect the monies of the Chapter; hold the funds, securities, vouchers, and account books of the Chapter unless otherwise provided for and, in accordance with the official financial system, make the proper remittances to the Fraternity and to all others to whom the Chapter lawfully owes money; furnish bond wherever the Fraternity requires such; prepare and submit a monthly financial report to the Grand President, Executive Secretary, Province and Chapter Councilors, such report to be postmarked not later than the sixth day of the following month; manage the Chapter House and the Table Board Department; and any other business details of the Chapter. The Business Manager shall be responsible for the entire financial and business program of the Chapter, unless otherwise provided for by Law, but may have assistants and shall receive a salary.

Section 153. Associate Editor of the CASTLE. The Associate Editor of the CASTLE shall keep a file of all data and all old records pertaining to the Chapter, including clipping; a photograph album; shall make a record of all social events; shall keep a complete file of the CASTLE and of the STAR; and shall act as correspondent to the Communications Director; and shall make a record of other activities which may not be covered by Secretary's Minutes. In addition, it shall be his responsibility to submit, within ninety days of notification by the Communications Director, a major paper, the form and style of which shall be specified by the Communications Director. This paper must be written by a member of the Active Chapter or an Alumnus of that Active Chapter. The Associate Editor of the CASTLE shall file a monthly report by the sixth day of the following month, to contain any newsworthy items or announcements of Chapter activities.

Section 154. Chaplain and Guide. The Chaplain and the Guide shall perform such duties as the Ritual prescribes.

Section 155. Member of the Convention. The Member of the Convention shall represent the Active Chapter in the General Convention. In case he cannot attend the sessions of the Convention, a Deputy shall be elected for this purpose.



ARTICLE 49 -- INSPECTION


Section 156. Inspection. An inspection of each Active Chapter shall be made by a International Officer or by some other member appointed by the Grand President at least once every year. Additional reports may be required by the Grand President. Inspection shall include the books, records, papers, accounts and other documents of the Chapter; and scholarship and general standing of the Chapter on campus. This report shall be sent to the Grand President, Executive Secretary and the Province and Chapter Councilors.



ARTICLE 50 -- DELEGATES


Section 157. General Convention. The Member or Deputy Member of the General Convention shall represent the Chapter in the General Convention. For failure to be represented at regular sessions, the Chapter shall be fined fifty dollars, unless excused by the Convention.

Section 158. Province Convention. At a regular meeting not less than thirty days preceding a Province Convention, each Active Chapter shall elect two Delegates and two Alternate Delegates to the Province Convention.

Section 159. Credentials. The Member or Deputy Member of the General Convention and Delegates to the Province Conventions shall be furnished with Credentials signed by the Chapter President and the Chapter Secretary, a copy of which shall be sent to the Grand President.

Section 160. Representation from Delinquent Chapters. No Chapter, delinquent with respect to any sum or any report is entitled, during such delinquency, to representation in the General or Province Conventions.



ARTICLE 51 -- BY-LAWS


Section 161. By-Laws. Active Chapters may adopt, amend and repeal such By-laws as they deem necessary, but such By-laws shall not be inconsistent with the Laws of the Fraternity or any lawful orders of the Fraternity or of the Province in which the Chapter is located. Copies of the By-laws shall be on file at International and Province Offices. By-laws must be approved by the Supreme Council before they become effective.



ARTICLE 52 -- ADVISORS


Section 162. Faculty Advisor. Each Active Chapter shall have a Faculty Advisor who shall be a member of the Fraternity. He shall aid the Chapter in such ways as may be possible; shall visit the Chapter from time to time; and shall render an Annual Report to the Grand President, the Executive Secretary and the Province Councilor, such report to be due in January of each year.

Section 163. Alumnus Advisor. Each Active Chapter shall have an Alumnus Advisor, who shall be an alumnus member of the Fraternity, preferably of the Chapter. He shall keep in touch with the Chapter, making contact at least once a month in some manner; shall advise the Chapter in such things as seem desirable; and shall supervise the finances of the Chapter in the manner prescribed in the Official Financial System. He shall consult the Faculty Advisor whenever such seems desirable, particularly in matters concerning scholarship. He shall render an annual report to the Grand President, Executive Secretary and the Province Councilor, such report to be due in January of each year.

Section 164. Chapter Councilor. Each Active Chapter shall have a Chapter Councilor, who should be an alumnus or faculty member of the Fraternity, preferably of the Chapter. He shall act as a Deputy to the Province Councilor. He shall perform such duties and receive such reports as are specified in this Code and as may be required by the Grand President or the Province Councilor. He shall keep in touch with the Chapter, making contact at least once a month in some manner; shall advise the Chapter in such things as seem desirable; and shall supervise the relations of the Faculty and Alumnus Advisors whenever such seems desirable. He shall render an annual report to the Grand President, the Executive Secretary and the Province Councilor, such report to be due in January of each year. The Chapter Councilor may, in addition, serve as Faculty Advisor or Alumnus Advisor.

Section 165. Appointment. The Faculty and Alumnus Advisors and the Chapter Councilor shall be appointed by the Grand President, in consultation with the Province Councilors, to whom the Chapters shall suggest at least two persons for each office. The term of office shall be the calendar year.




TITLE XII-- ALUMNI ASSOCIATION


ARTICLE 53 -- ORGANIZATION


Section 166. Organization. Each Active Chapter shall maintain an Alumni Association, consisting of all Alumni Members of the Chapter who are in good standing, regardless of the place of residence or affiliations with other Alumni Organizations of the Fraternity.

Section 167. Purpose. The purpose of an Alumni Association is to stimulate the interest of the Alumni in the Active Chapter, to keep them in touch with its activities, and to further the purposes of the Fraternity. In order to do this, Alumni Associations shall send each member a bulletin of news at least once each year.



ARTICLE 54 -- OFFICERS


Section 168. Officers. Each Alumni Association shall have a Chairman, a Vice-Chairman, and a Secretary-Treasurer. The term of office shall be 1 year.

Section 169. Election. Election of officers shall be held in June, by mail ballots, which shall be counted on the 15th day of June. In this election, graduates of the academic year just ending shall be eligible to vote, even if the School year has not officially ended. Not later than the first of May, the Chairman shall appoint a Nominating Committee of from three to five members, who will nominate one or more men for each office. The names of the men nominated shall be sent to the entire membership of the Alumni Association not later than the middle of May. Names may be written on the ballot. The members elected shall take office on July first, and shall hold office until their successors qualify.



ARTICLE 55 -- FINANCES


Section 170. Assessments. An Alumni Association shall not assess its member for any fee whatsoever.

Section 171. Donations. An Alumni Association may accept any gifts or donations that may be made, and shall use them in any manner it sees fit to further its purpose.




TITLE XIII -- ALUMNI CHAPTERS


ARTICLE 56 -- ORGANIZATION


Section 172. Charters. Alumni Chapters may be organized only by virtue of a petition signed by ten resident Alumni Members in good standing and approved by the Supreme Council. No petition shall be granted should a previous Alumni Chapter in good standing exist within a fifty mile radius of the location of the proposed Chapter. In case of two or more Active Chapters, there may be an Alumni Chapter affiliated with each.

Section 173. Name. An Alumni Chapter may be named after the Active Chapter with which it is closely associated except that, in the event it is associated with no Active Chapter, it shall be named after the locality in which it is formed.

Section 174. Object. An Alumni Chapter shall promote the interest and welfare of the Sigma Phi Delta Fraternity and of any nearby Active Chapter by encouraging them to maintain high standards and by cooperating with them in securing young men of high standing; and to assist such a Chapter in financing, building and maintaining a Chapter House; or in providing funds the interest of which may be used for scholarship purposes.

Section 175. Incorporation. Each Alumni Chapter which acquires real property shall be incorporated under the Laws of the State in which it is located, and may adopt such By-laws and regulations as are not inconsistent with the Laws of the Fraternity.

Section 176. Officers. Each Alumni Chapter shall have a President, a Vice-president, and a Secretary-Treasurer and such other Officers as it may deem necessary - the term of office being for one year.

Section 177. Finances. An Alumni Chapter may assess its members dues and other fees as it deems necessary.

Section 178. Chapter By-Law. An Alumni Chapter may adopt, amend and repeal such By-laws as they deem necessary, but such By-laws shall not be inconsistent with the Laws of the Fraternity or any lawful orders of the Fraternity or of the Province in which the Chapter is located. Copies of the By-laws must be on file at International and Province Offices. By-laws must be approved by the Supreme Council before they become effective.

Section 179. Faculty Participation. Faculty Members may become participating members in Alumni Chapters upon approval by that Chapter.



ARTICLE 57 -- ACTIVITIES


Section 180. Meetings. The Chapter shall hold at least four meetings each year, at which business may be transacted and talks and discussions may be held.

Section 181. Reports. Within one week after each meeting, the Secretary-Treasurer shall send to the Grand President, the Executive Secretary and the Province Councilor a report of the meeting, but not more than one report shall be required where two or more meetings are held within one month. At the end of his Term of Office, the Secretary-Treasurer shall render an annual report to the Grand President, the Executive Secretary and the Province Councilor.

Section 182. Delegates. Unless otherwise provided for in the Chapter By-laws, the President shall represent the Chapter at the General Convention. A Delegate shall be elected to represent the Chapter at Province Conventions. A Chapter delinquent with respect to dues or reports is not entitled to representation in either Convention. Only those members in good standing may represent the Chapter.

Section 183. Representation. Sections 160, 162 and 163 of this Statutory Code shall apply to Alumni Chapters as well as to Active Chapters.




TITLE XIV-- CHARTERS FOR ACTIVE CHAPTERS


ARTICLE 58 -- GRANTING


Section 184. Petition for Charter. Petition for Charter shall be made to the Fraternity and shall be signed by not less than ten men qualified for membership, and shall be accompanied by the Charter Fee, which will be returned if the Charter is not granted.

Section 185. Form of Petition. Petitions for Charter for an Active Chapter shall conform to such specifications as the Grand President shall designate, but shall include a description of the School at which the organization is located, the history of the organization, a brief record of each petitioner, an individual photograph of the petitioners, and evidence that the local School authorities are favorable toward the petition.

Section 186. Investigation of Petition. Immediately upon receipt of a petition, the Grand Vice-president shall confer with the Councilor of the Province in which the petitioners are located. If these officers shall conclude, after investigation, that the petition is a true representation of the facts, they shall recommend that the petition be submitted for approval.

Section 187. Granting Charter. After the preliminary investigation, the petition shall be submitted, together with the report of the investigating officers, to the General Convention. It shall be declared granted if approved by three-fourths of the Active and Alumni Chapters of the Province in which the petitioning body is located and by a majority vote of the General Convention.

Section 188. Equipment Furnished. If a petition is accepted, a suitably engrossed charter, full equipment of the Financial System, the necessary record books, and specified initiation equipment shall be furnished the petitioners without further payment. The Charter shall be signed by the Grand President and the Executive Secretary.



ARTICLE 59 -- TERMINATION


Section 189. Surrender. A Charter shall be surrendered unless five or more members, including alumni, demand its continuance. No such action shall be taken unless a proposal of the contemplated surrender has been made at a regular meeting at least four weeks prior there to and due notice given to all Active Members of the Chapter.

Section 190. Forfeiture. If a Chapter fails, for one year, to send its reports and dues, its Charter may be forfeited on the demand of the Grand President with the consent of the Supreme Council.

Section 191. Suspension. A Charter may, for due cause, be suspended by the Grand President with the consent of the Supreme Council, provided that the Chapter has been notified in writing of the charges and given a reasonable opportunity to be heard thereon. In such instance, a full report on the case shall be made at the next regular session of the General Convention. The General Convention, in session, may suspend the Charter of any Chapter.

Section 192. Revocation. The General Convention may revoke the Charter of a Chapter by a two-thirds vote in regular session, provided the Chapter has been notified in writing of the charges and given a reasonable opportunity to be heard. If the Charter is revoked, the Chapter shall return all initiation paraphernalia, Rituals, record books, Charter and all other property of the Fraternity.




TITLE XV-- CHARTER FOR COLONIES


ARTICLE 60 -- ORGANIZATION OF A COLONY


Section 193. Colony. A Colony, established at a technical school in anticipation of petitioning for Charter as an Active Chapter of the Sigma Phi Delta Fraternity, shall consist of no less than four men qualified for membership in the Fraternity.

Section 194. Purpose of a Colony. A Colony shall serve as the focus around which an interested group of engineering students prepare to petition for Charter as an Active Chapter of the Fraternity; shall provide for closer ties among its members; shall provide for closer ties with the Fraternity; and shall enhance efforts to establish a Chapter of the Sigma Phi Delta Fraternity on the campus.

Section 195. Establishment of a Colony. Upon letter petition, the Supreme Council may grant approval to establish a Colony. The Colony shall be designated as (School) Colony of Sigma Phi Delta. The petition shall include such information as the Grand President shall designate and will include evidence that the local school authorities are favorable toward the petition.

Section 196. Installation Procedures. A member of the Fraternity designated by the Grand President shall install the members of the Colony, using the Ritual for Formal Pledging. Members of the Colony shall wear the Pledge Pin of the Fraternity but are not authorized to wear other insignia of the Fraternity.

Section 197. Colony Expansion. The installed Members of the Colony shall formally pledge additional members as the Colony expands. These Members shall have the same rights and privileges as the Charter Colony Members. When the provisions of Section 187 of the Statutory Code are met, the Colony shall petition for Charter as an Active Chapter, using the Chapter designation assigned by the Fraternity.

Section 198. Rights and Privileges. Installed Members of a Colony are not initiated Members of the Fraternity. They shall have the same rights and privileges as a Pledge in any established Active Chapter. They are not subject to the payment of International or Province dues or fees and have no representation in the General or Province Conventions. They shall elect officers, establish By-laws, and may collect Colony dues. There shall be no admission fee for pledging into a Colony.

Section 199. Activation as a Chapter. It is not required that all Charter Members of a newly chartered Active Chapter be pledged into the Colony. There is no specified length of time during which a Colony must exist before petitioning for Charter as an Active Chapter.




TITLE XVI -- PUBLICATIONS


ARTICLE 61 -- THE CASTLE


Section 200. The CASTLE. The Fraternity shall publish an exoteric magazine, to be known as the Sigma Phi Delta CASTLE, devoted to the interests of the Fraternity, of engineering and of college life, to be published not less than two times a year and mailed during the months of February and October of each year. Each Chapter Associate Editor will submit news on the dates established for each issue by the Communications Director.



ARTICLE 62 -- THE STAR


Section 201. The STAR. The STAR shall be an esoteric publication issued at least two times a year, with one issue to contain a complete Annual International Financial Report. It shall be issued to all Members of the Fraternity. The Grand President shall edit the STAR which shall contain summarized reports of the activities of the Chapters, of the International Officers, membership changes, and other news for Members of the Fraternity only. Funds for the publication and distribution of the STAR shall come from the General Fund.



ARTICLE 63 -- PUBLISHED INFORMATION


Section 202. Additional Publications. Such other publications shall be issued by the Fraternity as the Supreme Council may determine.

Section 203. General. All printed matter issued by or on behalf of the Sigma Phi Delta shall be inscribed "Printed in the U.S.A. (or Canada)", as the situation dictates.




TITLE XVII -- GENERAL RULES


ARTICLE 64 -- INSIGNIA OF MEMBERSHIP


Section 204. Membership Badge. A membership badge is loaned by the Fraternity to each initiate, and upon payment of the fee approved by the Supreme Council, to any member in good standing. It shall be understood that the badge remains the property of the Fraternity; may be worn only by members in good standing, or by the wife, mother or sweetheart of the member; and for due cause, submitted to the Member in writing, may be recalled by the International Fraternity. The badge may be used in the design of a key, which may be worn by a member in good standing but not in the design for any other piece of jewelry, unless approved by the Supreme Council. Badges will be ordered by the Chapter Secretary from the Merchandise Manager.

Section 205. Certificate of Membership. A Certificate of Membership shall be forwarded to the Chapter by the Executive Secretary for each initiate upon receipt of his initiation fee. The Certificate shall contain the signatures of the Grand President, the Executive Secretary, the Chapter President and the Chapter Secretary.

Section 206. Membership Card. A membership card shall be issued to each initiate by the Executive Secretary upon receipt of his initiation fee. The Card shall contain the signatures of the Grand President and the Executive Secretary, as well as the Member's General Number.



ARTICLE 65 -- FRATERNITY AWARDS


Section 207. Gilbert H. Dunstan Trophy. A permanent Trophy, to be known as the Gilbert H. Dunstan Trophy, shall be awarded to any Chapter which has made a significant contribution toward establishing a new Active Chapter. This Trophy will be awarded at the discretion of the Supreme Council at the General Convention following the date of the act or acts for which the Award is being made.

Section 208. Grand President's Key. The General Convention shall award a Key, the design of which is on file in the Executive Secretary's Office, to the Grand Presidents of the Fraternity in recognition for services rendered.

Section 209. Efficiency Contest Award. The Supreme Council shall present an annual Award for Chapter Efficiency to the Chapter or Chapters attaining the highest score in the Efficiency Contest.

Section 210. Professional Achievement Award. The Supreme Council shall present an Award, to be known as the Professional Achievement Award, to alumni of the Fraternity who have made an outstanding achievement or contribution to the field of their chosen profession. This Award shall be conferred by the Supreme Council at a General or Province Convention. Provisions concerning eligibility and administration of the Award shall be on file in the Executive Secretary's Office.



ARTICLE 66 -- SPECIAL DAYS


Section 211. Founder's Day. April 11th of each year shall be observed as Founder's Day. Chapters shall observe this day with a suitable program, which shall include such features as the Grand President shall prescribe. This program shall be held upon the day specified, except when conditions require it to be held at some other time, in which case the Secretary shall notify the Grand President at least two weeks in advance of the substitute time set.

Section 212. CASTLE Day. CASTLE Day shall be observed each year in the month of October. Chapters shall hold a meeting on this day at which the members shall recall a new their obligations to the Fraternity, and at which time a suitable program shall be held, including such features as the Province Councilor shall designate. Unless the Province Councilor specifies a certain day, the Chapters may set the day to suit their convenience, but in such cases the Secretary shall notify the Province Councilor two weeks in advance of the day selected.

Section 213. Symposium Meetings. Each Active Chapter shall hold two meetings each year, preferably at such times as are designated by the Province Councilor, at which a symposium shall be held on some topic designated by the Province Councilor. The Secretary of each Active Chapter, within the week after such meeting is held, shall send to the Province Councilor a report of the meeting, which shall include the names of the speakers, the names of the members discussing the talks, the amount of time devoted to the meeting, and copies of the papers presented, whenever such are available.

While papers need not be written out, such practice shall be encouraged. All papers submitted before the fifteenth day of April shall be submitted to the Province Councilor who, in consultation with two other members designated by the Grand President, shall select the best paper submitted, together with the second and third best. Each of these papers shall be published in the CASTLE and the Supreme Council shall provide suitable awards for them.



ARTICLE 67 -- HOUSE RULES


Section 214. General House Rules. Extensive gambling and the harboring of immoral persons in a Chapter house or other property of the Fraternity, or at any event held in the name of the Fraternity, or any organization thereof, are forbidden. The illegal use, possession, sale or distribution of any controlled substance, including alcohol, at Chapter functions shall be strictly prohibited.

Section 215. Local Rules. Within one month after the opening of the Fall Term, each Chapter shall submit to the Province and Chapter Councilors a set of local house rules, which shall include regulations regarding study hours, destruction of property, and any other rules deemed necessary.

Section 216. Social Events. Chapters shall conduct social events in accordance with the regulations prescribed by the institution at which the Chapter is located. Rules of the institution regarding the presence of women in Chapter Houses shall be rigidly enforced.



ARTICLE 68 -- ENFORCEMENT OF FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS


Section 217. Delinquency. If at any time during the academic year a member becomes delinquent in accounts, he shall immediately be notified in writing by the Business Manager. Within two weeks from date, he shall either pay the entire amount, exclusive of the charges entered subsequent to such date, or submit to the Chapter a written statement setting forth the reasons for non-payment, which statement shall be considered by a Committee of five members, including the Chapter President and Business Manager. It shall then be submitted to the Chapter together with the Committee's report, and shall be voted upon by the members. A two-thirds vote shall be required to accept. If the statement is not accepted or no statement is submitted, charges for expulsion shall be immediately filed against the member by the Vice-president The President and Business Manager shall make every effort to secure a statement from the delinquent member within the two week's period, including at least two contacts in person or by Registered Mail to the last known address of the delinquent member.

Section 218. Security for Payment. On leaving a Chapter, every member shall furnish satisfactory security for the payment of his account, either by the pledge of property or by a promissory note endorsed by two or more responsible parties.

Section 219. Financial Policy. It is the policy of the Fraternity that a prompt and faithful observance and enforcement of financial obligations is a test of a member's right to retain his membership and of a Chapter's right to retain its Charter.

Section 220. Delinquency in Accounts. A Member is delinquent in accounts if:

(a) At any time during the academic year his account becomes delinquent, said delinquency resulting from non-payment of charges by the first of the month following that in which due, or

(b) On leaving the Chapter, either at the end of or during the academic year, or on applying for a Transfer Certificate he owes any sum at all.
Section 221. Account. A Member's account includes all sums charged against him on the Chapter's books, whether for fees, dues, assessments, fines, room rent, board, or any other cause.

Section 222. Assessments. Assessments may be levied against the Members of organized units of the Fraternity only by a three-fourths majority of all votes cast. The vote shall be by secret ballot.

Section 223. Housing Contracts. All Chapters shall use a housing contract for each resident of the Chapter House.



ARTICLE 69 -- REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFICE


Section 224. Knowledge of Duties. Officers of organized units of the Fraternity shall be required to become familiar with the Laws of the Fraternity and no officer shall be installed until he has signed a statement to the effect that he has read and is familiar with the Laws of the Fraternity and with the duties pertaining to his Office.

Section 225. Qualification for Office. Officers of Active Chapters shall not be on probation in the School at which the Chapter is located and any officer being placed on probation shall automatically forfeit the right to continue his Office.



ARTICLE 70 -- SCHOLARSHIP


Section 226. Requirement for Initiation. Before the initiation of any candidate, the Chapter shall secure an official statement from the College officials indicating that the scholarship requirement of an average equal to that required for graduation in all work up to the present term has been met. This statement shall be sent to the Province and Chapter Councilors with the Report of the Initiation and no person shall be considered a member until this has been complied with.

Section 227. Scholarship Reports. Each Chapter shall render to the Grand President, the Executive Secretary and the Province and Chapter Councilors a report which shall show the scholarship standing of each member and pledge of the Chapter, together with the rating of the entire Chapter, this report to be rendered as soon after the end of each term as the information is available. Where a comparative rating with other organizations is available, a copy of this shall also be sent to the Grand President, the Executive Secretary and the Province and Chapter Councilors.

Section 228. Probation. Any Chapter in which more than fifty percent of the members fail to meet the average required for graduation shall be placed on probation and shall remain on probation until their scholarship has been raised above this level.



ARTICLE 71 -- GENERAL RESPONSIBILITIES


Section 229. Chapter Photographs. During the Fall term of each academic year, each Active Chapter shall have a photograph of the members taken, a copy of which shall be sent to the Communications Director for filing.

Section 230. Photographs of International Officers. Every member of the Supreme Council, and any other International Officer holding office for more than one year, shall be required to send a photograph of himself to the Communications Director for filing.

Section 231. Member's Responsibility. While the Fraternity will make an effort to keep on file the correct address of every member, the Fraternity cannot assume responsibility for failure of the mail, regardless of what nature, including publications for which the member has paid, unless the member keeps the Circulation Manager informed of his correct permanent address.

Section 232. Right to CASTLE and STAR. The Fraternity reserves the right to request members to state whether or not they desire to continue the receipt of the CASTLE and the STAR, and to remove their names from the mailing list if they reply that they do not want the publications or if no reply is received. The removal of a name from the mailing list does not prevent such member later having his name replaced on the mailing list.

Section 233. Chapter Rosters. Each Active and Alumni Chapter shall review the Chapter's membership directory furnished by the International Office and submit a list of any permanent address changes of members to the Circulation Manager by October first of each year.

Section 234. Campus Politics. The Fraternity is not a political organization and shall not, as an organization, enter into campus politics. While the Chapters may support certain candidates, no member of the Fraternity shall be bound to support such candidate.



ARTICLE 72 -- DISSOLUTION OF THE FRATERNITY


Section 235. Property Distribution. Upon dissolution of the Fraternity, its remaining property or proceeds and the balance of any money and other property received by the Fraternity from any source, including its operations after the payment of all debts and obligations of the Fraternity shall, shall to the approval of a Justice of the Supreme Court of the State of California, be paid to the Sigma Phi Delta Foundation, a separate not-for-profit educational foundation, or be distributed to organizations organized to promote the purposes qualified under the provisions of Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, and regulations pertaining thereto as such Sections are amended from time to time.




TITLE XVIII -- AMENDMENTS TO THE STATUTORY CODE


ARTICLE 73 -- PROCEDURE


Section 236. Amendment or Repeal. The Statutory Code or any part of it may be repealed, amended, or added to by a majority vote of the General Convention or by a three-fourths vote of the Supreme Council.

Section 237. Codification. After each regular session of the General Convention, the changes in the Statutory Code shall be embodied in their proper positions, and Sections and Articles shall be renumbered when necessary. The Grand President shall appoint a Committee to do this, the names of the Committee Members being approved by the General Convention.

Section 238. Repeal. This Statutory Code rescinds and repeals all previous Statutory Codes and all other Laws, By-laws, and Statutes of the Fraternity not in accordance therewith.

Section 239. Third General Convention. This Code was revised and approved at the General Convention of September 1 and 2, 1931, at Fargo, North Dakota, Epsilon Chapter as Host.

Section 240. Seventh General Convention. At the Seventh General Convention, held in Chicago, Illinois, ending on January 4, 1948, with Iota Chapter as Host, a Committee, with suggestions from the several Chapters, revised the Statutory Code. It was approved by the Fraternity on November 1, 1948, and went into effect at that time.

Section 241. Eighth General Convention. The Statutory Code was revised by a Committee appointed by the Grand President at the Eighth General Convention, which ended September 3, 1949, at Los Angeles, California, Alpha Chapter as Host. The revisions became effective on January 1, 1950.

Section 242. Ninth General Convention. The Statutory Code was revised by a Committee appointed by the Grand President at the Ninth General Convention, which ended September 5, 1951, at Vancouver, British Columbia, Theta Chapter as Host. The revised Code became effective on January 1,1952.

Section 243. Tenth General Convention. The Statutory Code was revised by a Committee appointed by the Grand President at the Tenth General Convention, which ended September 5, 1953, at Detroit Lakes, Minnesota, Epsilon Chapter as Host. The revised Code became effective on January 1, 1954

Section 244. Eleventh General Convention. The Statutory Code was revised by a Committee appointed by the Grand President at the Eleventh General Convention, which ended September 3, 1955, at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Eta Chapter as host. The revised Code became effective on January 1, 1956.

Section 245. Twelfth General Convention. The Statutory Code was revised by a Committee appointed by the Grand President at the Twelfth General Convention, which ended September 7, 1957, at Hamilton Lake, Indiana, Kappa Chapter as Host. The revised Code became effective on January 1, 1958.

Section 246. Fourteenth General Convention. The Statutory Code was revised by a Committee appointed by the Grand President at the Fourteenth General Convention, which ended September 2, 1961, at Oak Park, Illinois, Delta Chapter as Host. The revised Code became effective on January 1, 1962.

Section 247. Sixteenth General Convention. The Statutory Code was revised by a Committee appointed by the Grand President at the Sixteenth General Convention, which ended September 4, 1965, at Winnipeg, Manitoba, Xi Chapter as Host. The revised Code became effective on January 1, 1966.

Section 248. Seventeenth General Convention. The Statutory Code was revised by Mail Ballot in November 1966, and the changes became effective on January 1, 1967. The Statutory Code was revised by a Committee appointed by the Grand President at the Seventeenth General Convention, which ended September 1, 1967, at Los Angeles, California, Alpha Chapter as Host. The revised Code became effective on January 1, 1968.

Section 249. Nineteenth General Convention. The Statutory Code was revised by a Committee appointed by the Grand President at the Nineteenth General Convention, which ended September 4, 1971, at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, ETA Chapter as Host. The revised Code became effective on January 1, 1972.

Section 250. Twentieth General Convention. The Statutory Code was revised by a Committee appointed by the Grand President at the Twentieth General Convention, which ended September 1, 1973, at Moorhead, Minnesota, Epsilon Chapter as Host. The revised Code became effective on January 1, 1974.

Section 251. Twenty-First General Convention. The Statutory Code was revised by Mail Ballot on December 1, 1974, and the changes became effective on January 1, 1975. The Statutory Code was revised by a Committee appointed by the Grand President at the Twenty-first General Convention, which ended August 30, 1975, at Los Angeles, California, Alpha Chapter as Host. The revised Code became effective on January 1, 1976.

Section 252. Twenty-Second General Convention. The Statutory Code was revised by a Committee appointed by the Grand President at the Twenty-second General Convention, which ended September 3, 1977, at Peoria, Illinois, Rho Chapter as Host. The revised Code became effective on January 1,1978.

Section 253. Twenty-Third General Convention. The Statutory Code was revised by a Committee appointed by the Grand President at the Twenty-third General Convention, which ended September 1, 1979, at Angola, Indiana, Kappa Chapter as Host. The revised Code became effective on January 1,1980.

Section 254. Twenty-Fourth General Convention. The Statutory Code was revised by a Committee appointed by the Grand President at the Twenty-fourth General Convention, which ended September 5, 1981, at Daytona Beach, Florida, Pi Chapter as Host. The revised Code became effective on January 1, 1982.

Section 255. Twenty-Fifth General Convention. The Statutory Code was revised by a Committee appointed by the Grand President at the Twenty-fifth General Convention, which ended September 3, 1983, at Urbana, Illinois, Delta Chapter as Host. The revised Code became effective on January 1,1984.

Section 256. Twenty-Sixth General Convention. The Statutory Code was revised by a Committee appointed by the Grand President at the Twenty-sixth General Convention, which ended August 31, 1985, at Vancouver, British Columbia. The revised Code became effective on January 1, 1986.

Section 257. Twenty-Seventh General Convention. The Statutory Code was revised by a Committee appointed by the Grand President at the Twenty-seventh General Convention, which ended September 5, 1987, at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, ETA Chapter as Host. The revised Code became effective on January 1, 1988.

Section 258. Special Legislation. The Statutory Code was amended by action of the General Convention by Mail Ballot on June 20, 1998. The revised Code became effective on June 20, 1988.

Section 259. Revision and Reprinting. The Statutory Code was revised by action of the Supreme Council in Chicago, Illinois, on February 19, 1993, to eliminate obsolete portions and phrases. The revised Code became effective on June 30,1993.

Section 260. Thirty-Second General Convention. The Statutory Code was amended by action of the General Convention by Mail Ballot on November 1, 1997. The revised Code became effective on January 1, 1998.

Section 261. Thirty-Third General Convention. The Statutory Code was amended by action of the General Convention by Mail Ballot on December 15, 1999. The revised Code became effective on January 1, 2000.

Section 262. Chapter Inspections. The Statutory Code was revised by action of the Supreme Council at its online meeting on August 28, 2001, to bring Section 159 in conformance with the Risk Reduction Policy. The revised Code became effective on that date.

Section 263. Thirty-Fourth General Convention. The Statutory Code was amended by action of the General Convention by Mail Ballot on October 1, 2002. The revised Code became effective on January 1, 2003

Section 264. Thirty-Fifth General Convention. The Statutory Code was amended by action of the Thirty-Fifth General Convention, which ended on July 26, 2003, at Urbana, Illinois, Delta Chapter as Host. The revised Code became effective on that date.

Section 265. Sixth Joint Province Convention. The Statutory Code was amended by action of the General Convention at the Sixth Joint Province Convention, which ended on July 29, 2006, at Elk Grove Village, Illinois. The revised Code became effective on that date.